Copyright © Media Law International 2021. All Rights Reserved.
Specialist Guide to the
Global Leaders in Media Law Practice
VOD platforms and TV broadcasters from other EU Member States that address their services to the audience in Poland no longer remain unnoticed as targeted contributors to the fund maintained by the Polish Film Institute supporting Polish cinematography.
These two groups of media services providers will share the obligation to contribute 1.5% of their revenue to the fund with other participants of the Polish audiovisual market, such as Polish broadcasters, digital platforms and cable TV operators.
VOD platforms (providers of on-demand audiovisual services) are already obliged to contribute to the fund, effetive 01 July 2020.
The contribution of VOD platforms is calculated on their revenue earned on fees for the access to the publicly available on-demand audiovisual media services or on emission of commercial communications, whichever is greater. In the case of VOD platforms from other Member States, only revenue earned within the territory of Poland is calculated.
Low-turnover or low-audience platforms are exempt from this obligation. Low-turnover platforms are those that qualify as micro-entrepreneurs, meaning those that, at least in one year out of the past two financial years, met both following conditions: (1) employed less than 10 employees on average per year, and (2) their net turnover or the total assets of a balance sheet did not exceed the PLN equivalent of EUR2 million.
Low-audience platforms are those whose number of users of all their public on-demand audiovisual media services does not exceed 1% of broadband
internet services subscribers. In 2020, the platforms of users not exceeding 77,707 would qualify for the exemption.
The Polish government expects the contributions of VOD platforms to bring PLN15 million [approx. EUR3,350 million in 2020, and at least PLN20 million [approx. EUR4,470 million] annually for the next years.
The bill, targeting TV broadcasters from other Member States as the payers of contributions to the fund, is still in the legislation process (as of 09 December 2020), but is expected to become a binding law in early 2021 at the latest.
The rate of 1.5% will be calculated on the revenue earned by broadcasters in Poland from advertising, teleshopping, sponsored programmes or from fees for access to the broadcasted programmes collected directly from subscribers, whichever is greater.
Micro-entrepreneurs and the broadcasters of the total audience share for all of their broadcasted programmes not exceeding 1% are exempt from the contribution obligations.
The Polish government mentions an anticipated 100 TV broadcasters from other Member States that will be subject to the contribution obligation.
Krzysztof Czyzewski’s leadership drives media activity at . The boutique firm’s sector coverage is admirable. The practice specialises in book publishing, press, entertainment, film and advertising. Lawyers have extensive experience advising on film productions, television formats, protection of journalistic confidentiality and personal data protection.
brings together leading industry experts. One client noted: “Xawery Konarski earns a place among Poland's most highly regarded individuals. He frequently advises the Polish government on legal issues involving legislative reform.” Co-founder and media law specialist Elżbieta Traple advises multiple Polish and foreign entities operating in the industry.
is firm headquartered in Warsaw, with a branch office in Poznan. Its staff consist of over 100 experienced lawyers who specialise in all areas of business law. The firm has expertise in mergers and acquisitions (including privatisation projects), court and out-of-court restructurings of commercial entities, project financing, energy law, competition law, public procurement, and infrastructure projects, including those based on public-private partnership. The firm also specialises in real estate, environmental and investment projects, and advises its clients on a broad variety of company law issues (including corporate governance), intellectual property, media and new technology regulatory frameworks, telecommunications, competition, labour, tax and insurance law. WKB lawyers advise Polish and foreign businesses on large privatisation, acquisition and restructuring transactions. Its services are always tailored to meet the needs of each client.
Baker McKenzie Krzyzowski i Wspólnicy has a strong position nationally and is regularly praised by competitors. manages the Warsaw practice which focusses on copyright and technology. The firm’s multidisciplinary approach brings together a range of sector-related service areas that include commercial law, litigation and unfair competition.
The Dentons media group is led by Igor Ostrowski who “has excellent client managing skills“ according to one client while another commented, “I find the performance of Dentons’ office very professional. Memorandums were prepared thoroughly, even if on short notice. The evaluation of time spent on particular works was also satisfactory.” Karol Laskowski is singled out for his advice on intellectual property law. Working with HBO, lawyers advised on its launch of HBO Nordic, a new platform in Scandinavia. The team assisted with licensing and litigation across Poland, Romania, Russia and the UK.
Domanski Zakrzewski Palinka assist’s clients in dealing with local intricacies impacting multi-national marketing projects involving both ATL and BTL advertising (co-marketing agreements, marketing materials’ clearance, establishing T&Cs, regulatory matters, esp. with gambling schemes, loyalty schemes and bonus sale schemes). The firm advises leading publishers on distribution systems, distribution agreements, press registration, protection of intellectual property rights, newspaper formats and disputes over personal rights. The firm’s services are also focussed on the dynamically developing video games market, particularly as regards new business models for on-line games, games of chance, free-to-play, pay per play, and digital content distribution models.
GWW is widely acknowledged to be one of Poland’s leading advisory practices. The firm acts for clients from film and broadcasting sectors and is praised by peers for its work in these fields. Lawyers include Wojciech Krupa, Wacław Knopkiewicz and Michał Sękowski who are among the firm’s media law specialists. The team advises on the film production and trading in television and marketing rights.
Kopeć & Zaborowski specialiSes in media law and protection of personal rights, as
well as civil litigation and criminal press law. Our clients include well-known politicians,
journalists, actors, celebrities, publishers, media owners, sports agencies and
businessmen. KKZ work in partnership with both private and public media in the following
areas: pre-release material control, audio visual material at the production and
post-production stages both in respect of legal matters pertaining to Press Law
and copyrights issues. Maciej Zaborowski and his department are frequent guests and
on television, the radio, social media and in the press.
Jakubowski & Pluta and Partners’ press law focus is matched by its advertising and copyright specialisation. The team works with publishers and radio broadcasters on freedom of expression, publishing corrections and advises on the use of artistic works. The practice is under the leadership of its founders Janusz Jakubowski and Krzysztof Pluta.
As highlighted by its clients, has “very good knowledge of law and the regulatory environment”. Clients also note the firm’s litigation experience and highlight Cezary Wiśniewski for his skill and adeptness. In representative work, the team advised Bonnier Business Polska on all IP aspects of its acquisition of media company Grupa Bankier from the Dutch Naspers Group. The firm regularly handles cross-broader cases involving broadcasting, data protection and technology contracts.
Driven by a focus on sports and intellectual property, Wardyński & Partners is prime choice for sports companies. The practice covers commercial and corporate areas of work on behalf of television and radio broadcasters, operators of digital platforms, advertising agencies and producers of audio-visual recordings. The team includes key practitioners and Paweł Mazut and is renowned for its primary specialisation in copyright law.
The media law desk at WP Law pecialises in audio and audiovisual media which covers media law, copyright law and legal issues related to the operations of digital platforms and services. The firm provides legal assistance regarding the production, acquisition and distribution of audiovisual and audio (musical) content. Lawyers support such clients as broadcasters of TV channels and operators of internet platforms in their operations regarding the production, acquisition and distribution of their services. The firm handles cases that require expertise in the sale of advertising space and time. The firm’s advice provide covers the use of technology in media sector, such as dynamic ad insertion.
With a primarily focus on telecommunications, Chajec, Don-Siemion & Żyto’s work within the TMT sector also includes ongoing advice to one of Poland’s largest private television stations and satellite television platforms. Led by Andrzej Chajec, the team has wide ranging experience including transactional, advisory and regulatory.
leads with TMT/ IP practice group at CMS The firm is known for its advice on user generated content, e-commerce issues and infringement on the internet. Lawyers advise on all aspects of contentious and non-contentious cases.
Led by Ewa Kurowska-Tober, the media division at DLA Piper Giziński Kycia
combines commercial and regulatory aspects in cases involving internet law, cloud computing, e-commerce, broadcasting, distribution contracts and licensing agreements. The firm’s global competence and cross-border expertise makes it a relevant component of the legal market and a trusted brand say peers.
Allen & Overy is praised by peers for its IP focus. Key practitioner Magdalena Bartosik is singled out for her expertise with one competitor stating: “Magdalena is experienced IP/ TMT lawyer advising on various aspects connected with media and technology law. She is business oriented and has a good theoretical background”.
With a focus on new technology and intellectual property, FKA Furtek Komosa Aleksandrowicz’s sector-related work is derived from converged areas of media. Lawyers have in-depth knowledge of electronic market regulation and regularly advise on financing and distribution agreements.
The TMT group at Norton Rose Fulbright is formed of experienced lawyers who have a thorough understanding of regulatory and transactional matters. Other core areas of focus include copyright and other intellectual property-related matters.
Stolarek & Grabalski is appointed by television and radio broadcasters in cases involving corporate transactions such as mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures. The firm’s sector involvement is derived from its multidisciplinary approach that brings together various cases connected with media industry investment, start-up ventures and contractual work.
office is based on attorneys who bring unique insight to the complex transactional matters they handle.” The team’s expansive sector coverage is highlighted by another client who noted: “Weil advised us in the area of broadcasting law, trademarks and copyrights matters. Their media and IP practice was engaged in highly sophisticated due diligence projects, connected with IPO, high yield bond offering, M&A and others.” Head of department Pawel Rymarz manages a range of cases including the sale of a controlling stake in one of Poland’s leading television broadcasters.
Baker McKenzie Krzyzowski i Wspólnicy
Bird & Bird
Domanski Zakrzewski Palinka
LSW Leśnodorski Ślusarek and Partners
Kochański & Partners
Kopeć & Zaborowski
Jakubowski Pluta and Partners
SK&S - Sołtysiński Kawecki & Szlęzak
Wardyński & Partners
BWHS Wojciechowski Springer & Partners
Chajec, Don-Siemion & Żyto
DLA Piper Giziński Kycia
Eversheds Sutherland Wierzbowski
Hasik, Rheims & Partners
Allen & Overy
FKA Furtek Komosa Aleksandrowicz
Greenberg Traurig Grzesiak
Stolarek & Grabalski
Zagajewski & Skowron
RANKING AND EDITORIALS
AGNIESZKA WIERCINSKA-KRUZEWSKA & PAULINA MASLAK-STEPNIKOWSKA